Getting Credit Before College: How to Start Earning Now
Learn how to get a head start in your college studies and discover the different ways to earn credit before you ever even enroll.
Timon Kaple, Ph.D., is a full-time writer and researcher. His work focuses on sociolinguistics, small-group folklore, the anthropology of sound, higher education, and student support services. He has experience as an ethnographer and enjoys conducting fieldwork and archival research.
Dr. Deniece Dortch
Dr. Deniece Dortch is committed to getting students into and through college successfully. Hailed as a graduate-school expert by NPR, she is the creator of the African American Doctoral Scholars Initiative and a Visiting Assistant Professor at George Washington University. She holds degrees from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, Teachers College at Columbia University, Vermont’s School for International Training Graduate Institute, and Eastern Michigan University. https://www.deniecedortch.com/
Maybe you’re a high school student eager to start your dream job. Maybe you’re thinking about finishing your degree after a decade off to start a family. Wherever you are in your school journey, getting ahead start in college can be a smart idea for several reasons. By earning college credits before you enroll, you’ll save time and money, potentially graduating early and with less student debt. You can even spend the time you’ve saved pursuing an exciting internship or diving straight into the field you’ve dreamt of working in.
With so many options available, navigating the waters of earning credit early can get confusing. From credits by exam and competency-based programs to military credits, you might not know which avenue is best for you. Learn how you can start earning college credit now and read expert advice on getting a head start in your college studies.
Earning College Credit in High School
Working towards your college diploma while still in high school can help you graduate early and save you on tuition. Between all the avenues to earning credit early, you may be wondering which paths align best with your goals. Here are some of the most popular ways to start earning as a high school student.
Advanced Placement (AP) Courses
AP tests are administered by The College Board, the same company that offers the SAT. Many colleges and universities give you credits toward your degree, advanced placement (the ability to skip lower-level classes), or both if you have high AP scores.
Similar to standardized tests like the SAT, AP tests cover specific subjects and focus on college-level material. The AP courses that are available vary by school, but you may be able to take AP biology, chemistry, psychology, computer science, statistics, or art. After you complete the course, you’ll take the AP test on a designated day in May. The test will be scored on a scale of 1 to 5. Many schools award credit if you score a four or five. Each AP test costs $95, though some school districts cover this cost.
College-Level Examination Program (CLEP)
The CLEP is also administered by The College Board. These exams enable you to get credit for first- and second-year college-level content you already know. You can choose from 34 exams and five academic subject areas, including composition and literature, world languages, history and social sciences, science and mathematics, and business. So if you’re already fluent in Spanish, French, or German; extremely well read in English or American literature; knowledgeable about American government, U.S. History, Western Civilization, biology, chemistry, or natural science; or skilled in accounting or marketing, the CLEP test may be a good match for you.
With each CLEP exam you pass, you’ll earn three or more credits toward your degree. Bear in mind, however, that the credits are not guaranteed; some colleges are more apt to grant credits for CLEP than others. Each exam costs $89.
The International Baccalaureate (IB) Program
IB offers learners four types of programs that provide advanced, internationally focused studies to meet the demands of a globalizing world. High school students qualify for the Diploma Programme, designed for 16-19 year olds, to earn college credit.
Similar to AP classes, you’ll take IB classes through your high school. IB programs aren’t available at every school, so talk to your guidance counselor or use the program locator to find out if your school or district participates. Students earn credit by passing exams as they complete IB coursework. Many colleges and universities award credits for high school students who have competitive IB exam scores or who have completed the Diploma Programme sequence. IB tests are given each year in May and November.
High School/College Dual Enrollment
Dual enrollment means that you’ll get credit on both your high school and college transcripts for taking particular classes. These courses may be offered at your high school, but it’s more likely that you’ll coordinate with your high school guidance counselor and schedule classes at a community college or local university. To avoid any surprises, be sure that the dual enrollment courses will satisfy your high school curriculum requirements. Not every four-year college will accept these credits, but typically state schools accept credits from community colleges. Other credits will be accepted on a case-by-case basis. If you know which college you plan to attend, contact your admissions representative for guidance on dual enrollment and transferable credits.
Many colleges and universities host summer college programs, sometimes referred to as pre-college programs, for ambitious high school students. This is a great opportunity for students to explore their academic interests, find out what it’s like to attend a college (on campus or online), and experience a course with a college professor. Most programs include college credit for completing summer classes. Credits are typically recognized at that institution or are transferrable to many other colleges and universities. Cornell University, for example, offers the Precollege Studies program. About 95% of the classes are taught by Cornell faculty members. Approximately 1,500 students attend the summer program each year. With the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, Cornell is offering its summer courses online for 2021.
Avenues to Earning Credit as a Nontraditional Student
Who is categorized as a nontraditional student? In a nutshell, nontraditional students are typically adult learners with a high school diploma or GED who may or may not have college experience. So, you’re probably considered a nontraditional student if you worked, traveled, or had a family soon after high school and didn’t complete college (even if you took classes).
Many adults looking to get a college degree can receive credit for life skills, knowledge in certain subjects, and military or work experience. Often called prior learning assessments (PLAs), these options are applicable whether a student is enrolling in college for the first time or re-entering to finish a program. Here’s a rundown of your options as a nontraditional student.
Many schools offer a portfolio assessment program to award nontraditional students college credit for significant life or work experience that’s relevant to their degree. (Check out these examples at Bowling Green State University and McNeese State University.) Portfolio assessments can include volunteer experience, work-related training, or work experience. It’s possible to earn about 30 credits. Each school will have its own portfolio assessment criteria, so be sure to follow your institution’s expectations and policies when submitting your materials for review.
Competency-Based Education (CBE)
CBE is based on students’ mastery of material and relies on assessments administered through the school. As opposed to time-based systems that award students credits based on an hour-value per course, CBE takes into account that students enter the classroom with differing levels of knowledge and that some progress faster based on previous education and life experience.
Colleges and universities may offer a CBE education model like this one at Brandman University, which is self-paced and customized, based on the student’s assessments. CBE courses are usually online, making the programs more flexible and oftentimes more affordable than traditional courses. Check out Rasmussen College’s CBE guide for helpful info.
DSST Standardized Subject Tests
Originally designed for military personnel, DSST prior learning exams offer nontraditional students an easy and quick way to earn college credit. Students choose from 38 exams in traditional subjects including social science, business, humanities, math, physical science, and technology. Many schools allow you to transfer up to 30 credits toward your degree. These credits are typically used to fulfill general education requirements but, depending on your major, some classes may qualify as substitutes for classes required in your major. Be sure to check with your college or university for specific DSST requirements. You’ll find exam preparation materials for the DSST through Prometric and Peterson’s. Each exam costs $85 and can be taken in person or through an online system with a proctor.
Excelsior College Credit by Exam
Excelsior College helps remote and nontraditional learners finish their degrees more quickly by offering widely transferable credits through its credit-by-exam program. After being accepted as an Excelsior online learner, you’ll be able to take specific exams to earn undergraduate college credit in areas including business, humanities, education, natural sciences, math, social sciences, technology, and more. Instead of taking a traditional class, Excelsior’s program provides study materials in a specific subject that you work through on your own. When you’re ready to take an exam for credit, Excelsior helps you schedule the test at a Pearson VUE test center. Thousands of colleges and universities accept these credits.
If you have military experience, you may be able to earn college credit toward a bachelor’s degree. Both veterans and active-duty members may be eligible. Each college or university has its own guidelines regarding college credit for military training, so be sure to check with your institution about the specifics. Many schools have a dedicated website for learners with military experience. To be considered for credits, you will need your military transcript that clearly outlines your work experience, any courses you’ve completed that have been evaluated by the American Council on Education (ACE), and test scores for the CLEP or DSST. Request your military transcripts from either Joint Service Transcript or the Community College of the Air Force, depending on your experience.
Getting College Credit Online
Online classes can be a great way for nontraditional students to balance work and family commitments while earning college credit at a more affordable price. You’re not taking classes directly through the college, but rather through an education company that partners with various colleges to ensure that your credits transfer. Here are five flexible options.
Expert Advice on Earning Early
Dr. Deniece Dortch is committed to getting students into and through college successfully. Hailed as a graduate-school expert by NPR, she is the creator of the African American Doctoral Scholars Initiative and a Visiting Assistant Professor at George Washington University. She holds degrees from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, Teachers College at Columbia University, Vermont’s School for International Training Graduate Institute, and Eastern Michigan University.
Additional Resources to Help You Get Ahead
- A Different Road to College: A Guide for Transitioning Non-Traditional Students: Written by Alise Lamoreaux of Lane Community College, this free online book offers in-depth advice on pursuing a college degree as a nontraditional student.
- University of North Texas, “Non-Trad Student Guide”: UNT provides excellent tips for nontraditional students to get the most out of their college experience. Although this was written for UNT students, the information is applicable for most learners.
- MappingYourFuture.org, “Make High School Count”: If you plan on earning college credit while in high school, this guide will help you keep track of important academic and planning strategies so you can stay on track and finish coursework successfully.
- National Association for College Admission Counseling (NACAC), “Step by Step: College Awareness and Planning”: Designed for students in 11th and 12th grade, this guide helps students take all the necessary steps to plan for college, including application information and financial aid.
- myFUTURE, “College Planning Timeline”: This user-friendly site gives you a flowchart and timelines with useful links to ensure you cover all your bases as you prepare for college as a high school student.
- The Princeton Review Guide to AP Classes: Interested in taking AP classes? The Princeton Review’s guide will help you challenge yourself and choose the best classes to show admissions committees what you can do.
- American Council on Education, “Learner Transfer Guide”: ACE’s guide provides extensive details on the credit transfer processes for military students, information on college and university transfer policies, and a transfer credit checklist.
- MilitaryBenefits.info: This page includes credit-related details for active-duty members and veterans pursuing a degree, including how to ensure you’ll get the most credit for your military experience.